No-knead bread: the crunchiest-crackliest-chewiest-lightest-EASIEST bread you'll ever bake.

What do you need to make no-knead bread?

King Arthur Flour.


SAF yeast.


That’s all it takes to make the crackly-crusted, chewy, light-textured, DELICIOUS bread pictured above.

Just stir up a bucket of dough, and stick it in the fridge. That’s right, stir; no need to knead.

Want some bread? Grab a handful of chilled dough, plop it onto a piece of parchment. Let it rise. Bake it to golden perfection.

All with this easy recipe for No-Knead Crusty White Bread.

Which we print here courtesy of Jeff Hertzberg and Zoë François, authors of the runaway best-seller Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day.

Let’s get stirring!

1. Mix everything together.

Combine the following in a large mixing bowl, or food-safe plastic bucket (at least 6 quarts):

3 cups lukewarm water
32 ounces (6 1/2 to 7 1/2 cups) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
1 tablespoon salt
1 1/2 tablespoons instant yeast

Wait a minute – exactly how much flour do I use, 6 1/2 cups or 7 1/2 cups?

You want to use 32 ounces, so if you have a scale – or a 2-pound bag of King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour – you’re golden.

If you don’t  have a scale, the amount your use depends on how you measure flour. If you measure it the way we do here at King Arthur – the method all of our recipes are written for – you’ll use 7 1/2 cups.

If you measure via the “dip and sweep” method – that is, you dip your cup into the flour canister, tapping the cup to kinda tamp it down, then sweeping off the excess – use 6 1/2 cups.

Why? Because flour you dip out of the canister can weigh about 25% more than flour you measure by the King Arthur “sprinkle and sweep” method. So by volume, you use less of it to achieve the target weight of 32 ounces.

Note to eagle-eyed scale-users: Assuming a weight of 4 1/4 ounces per cup of King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour, 7 1/2 cups will weigh 31 5/8 ounces. If you’re using a 2-lb. bag of flour – CLOSE ENOUGH!

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

Mix and stir everything together to make a very sticky, rough dough. If you have a stand mixer, beat at medium speed with the beater blade for 30 to 60 seconds.

If you don’t have a mixer, just stir-stir-stir with a big spoon or dough whisk till everything is combined.

2. Let the dough rise.

Next, you’re going to let the dough rise. If you’ve made the dough in a plastic bucket, you’re all set – just let it stay there, covering the bucket with a lid or plastic wrap; a shower cap actually works well here.

If you’ve made the dough in a bowl that’s not at least 6-quart capacity, transfer it to a large bowl; it’s going to rise a lot. There’s no need to grease the bowl, though you can if you like; it makes it a bit easier to get the dough out when it’s time to bake bread.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

Cover the bowl or bucket, and let the dough rise at room temperature for 2 hours. It’ll rise quite vigorously.

3. Chill the dough.

Refrigerate the dough for at least 2 hours, or for up to about 7 days. (If you’re pressed for time, you can skip the initial room-temperature rise, and stick it right into the fridge).

Over the course of the first day or so in the fridge, it’ll rise, then fall. That’s OK; that’s what it’s supposed to do. The longer you keep the dough chilled, the tangier it’ll get; if you chill it for 7 days, it will taste like sourdough.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

When you’re ready to bake, take the dough out of the refrigerator.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

Sprinkle the top of the dough with flour; this will make it easier to grab a hunk.

4. Ready to bake? Shape a loaf.

Grease your hands, and pull off about 1/4 to 1/3 of the dough — a 14-ounce to 19-ounce piece, if you have a scale. It’ll be about the size of a softball, or a large grapefruit.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

Will you look at that gluten?! Gluten, a combination of liquid-activated proteins in flour, is the stretchy matrix that makes it possible for yeast bread to rise.

Plop the sticky dough onto a floured work surface, and round it into a ball, or a longer log. Don’t fuss around trying to make it perfect; just do the best you can.

Place the dough on a piece of parchment (if you’re going to bake on a hot pizza stone); or onto a lightly greased or parchment-lined baking sheet. Sift a light coating of flour over the top; this will help keep the dough moist as it rests before baking.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

You don’t have to make a ball. Make a longer, baguette-type loaf, if you like.

5. Let the loaf rise.

Let the dough rise for about 45 to 60 minutes. It won’t appear to rise upwards that much; rather, it’ll seem to settle and expand.

Preheat your oven (and pizza stone, if you’re using one) to 450°F while the dough rests. Place a shallow pan on the lowest oven rack, with another rack right above it. Have 1 cup of hot water ready to go.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

When you’re ready to bake, dust the loaves with flour. Then take a sharp knife and slash the bread 2 or 3 times, making a cut about 1/2” deep.

How to make no-knead bread via @kingarthurflour

The bread may deflate a bit. That’s OK, it’ll pick right up in the hot oven.

6. Bake your no-knead bread.

Place the bread directly on the pizza stone (complete with parchment), or place the pan on the rack above the lower rack.

No baking stone? No worries. While a stone does give a slightly chewier bottom crust, a baking sheet gives just as much pop.

Carefully pour the 1 cup hot water into the shallow pan on the lowest oven rack. It’ll bubble and steam; close the oven door quickly.

So what’s with the steam? It settles on the bread’s crust, making it soft and flexible enough to rise as high as possible during those first few crucial minutes of baking.

Bake the bread for 25 to 35 minutes, until it’s a deep, golden brown. Remove it from the oven, and place it on a rack to cool.

No-Knead Bread via @kingarthurflour

7. Enjoy!

This loaf is pretty, but I’d call it a bit under-baked; it should really be darker, to ensure the interior is the optimum consistency.

No-Knead Bread via @kingarthurflour

I’d say this interior is pretty optimum, wouldn’t you?

Now, how about making bread made from dough that’s been in the fridge for 9 days. WHOOPS! Will it still work?

You betcha! My nine-day-old made a great loaf – perhaps my best yet. It was unbelievably chewy/crusty, and full of those big, irregular holes I’d been seeking earlier.

When it was fully baked, I left it on the stone, turned off the oven, and cracked the door open a few inches with a folded potholder. Cooling it in the oven made its crust wonderfully crunchy/crackly.

Well, here we are at the bottom line. And what do we all conclude, bakers?

Even if this is your very first encounter with yeast, you can make wonderful, artisan-style bread.

All it takes is this:

King Arthur Flour.


SAF yeast.


And your new favorite recipe: No-Knead Crusty White Bread.

Read, rate, and review (please!) No-Knead Crusty White Bread.

For great no-knead recipes using whole grains and healthy ingredients, check out Jeff Hertzberg and Zoë François’ Healthy Bread in Five Minutes a Day.

And, if you’re someone who likes to “bake metric” – Jeff and Zoë’s original best-seller, Artisan Bread in Five Minutes a Day, is now available in a British version, featuring metric measurements. Look for it at

PJ Hamel

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!


    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi Debbie! That flour is really more suited to things like pasta and pizza crust, which don’t require much rising. We think you’ll be better off sticking to a stronger flour for this no-knead bread. Happy baking! Kat@KAF

  1. Debbie T.

    If I bake this in a loaf pan, what size is best: 8 ½ x 4 ¼ or 9 x 5? Also, how long would I bake it? Thank you!

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi there, Debbie! We suggest using an 8 1/2″ x 4 1/2″ loaf pan and checking on the loaf after about 20 to 25 minutes of baking. Happy baking! Morgan@KAF

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi Debbie! We recommend only putting about 14 to 19 ounces in a 4-quart bowl. If half the dough (about 28-ounces) were baked in the bowl it would most likely spill over. Happy baking! Morgan@KAF

  2. Debbie T.

    I always use KA Organic BREAD flour for bread but you used All-Purpose–do the final results differ with each flour? Thanks!

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Debbie, this recipe works beautifully with bread flour as well! You’ll just want to use a touch more water in your dough. We call for all-purpose in this recipe primarily because this is such a great bread for beginning bread bakers, and they’re much more likely to have that in their pantries than bread flour. But if you’ve got it, feel free to use it! It will help you get a really nice rise. Kat@KAF

  3. Carol Rutledge

    How can I tell when it is cooked? Have baked for 35 minutes and longer and when I cut it, it looks like it has raw spots in it and doesn’t have the “holes” like in the picture.

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Carol, that’s a good question! When the outside has a color you like, feel free to take it out. If you want to be really specific, it’s finished when it has an internal temperature of around 200°F; this is a great way to measure if you’ve got a good thermometer. You never want to cut into a hot loaf of bread, though, as it will mess with the internal structure and leave it squished and undercooked-feeling. While we know it’s challenging, it’s best to wait until the loaf has cooled to room temperature before digging into your bread for the best texture. Happy baking! Kat@KAF

  4. Eileen Keller

    I rewarded myself for reaching a goal…I bought the Émile Henry 4.2 quart stew pot to bake my artisan bread after reading comments on the KA site. Please refresh my memory, do I preheat the pot before baking? Can I let the bread raise in the pot before baking? Any other tips?

    One other thing, I am now alone, can I bake a small loaf in the pot without it baking to flat?

    Thank you.

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi Eileen! You can either preheat your Dutch oven and lower the risen bread carefully into it, or begin with the Dutch oven cold — whichever method you’re more comfortable doing. As for smaller loaves, as bread rises, it will take the path of least resistance, which means it will usually grow outwards before upwards. To help with this, give it a good tight shaping shown in step 6. of our Sourdough Guide and use the preheated-Dutch oven method. You can let your dough rise in a parchment paper sling in a smaller bowl (one that easily supports the sides of the dough as it rises) then carefully lower it into the hot Dutch oven. Going in in the hot pan will somewhat stop the dough from spreading out too much. Do a few batches and try the various methods to see what works best for you. Annabelle@KAF

  5. (Hoppy) Terence Hopman

    I have made bread on and off and experiment a bit, tried the no knead bread, and it came Mmmmm. yes i have two SS pate pans that i lined up on either side of the dough before baking it did help to keep it on the straight , up and narrow, it worked well. i am now trying a mix of whole wheat and white. 4 cups ww and 3 cups white, hope it comes out good, any tips and tricks for this type of mix? anything at all? can i use all lowle wheat for this recipe?

  6. Roz Cashen

    I have made this twice now and the loaf flattens out on the tray and worse, the crust is tough. I did follow the recipe closely but of course in Ireland I cannot get your flour. I only left it overnight in the fridge and gave it three hours to warm up and rise on the tray. Any thoughts?

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      We’re sorry to hear that this recipe is giving you trouble, Roz. We recommend, if possible, to try baking a loaf in a pan with sides to see if that helps it rise nice and high. It’s also possible that 3 hours was a bit too long, and the loaf wound up over-proofing and then collapsed. Try out a pan with sides, either a loaf pan or a Dutch oven, and let it rise until an indent stays in the bread when you poke it with your finger. Annabelle@KAF

  7. Al

    My dough didn’t come out like this somehow, even measuring ingredients with a kitchen scale. My dough was much harder to work with and a lot more stick. No way I could have gotten tidy round loaf. I wound up using foil to keep in in shape. Likewise those cuts: no chance. I used a fresh blade and couldn’t draw it through the dough without it tearing and pulling. The result was good, slightly moist inside with good flavor, but also flattish.

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi Al, we’re wondering if you use King Arthur All-Purpose Flour or another brand, by chance? Our flour has a higher protein content than most other brands, which mean it give loaves more support than you might otherwise experience. If you are already using our flour, consider giving our Baker’s Hotline a call at 855-371-BAKE(2253) so we can troubleshoot and get you back on track. Kye@KAF

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