Whole Wheat Baguettes: NOT an oxymoron

Une baguette integrale?

Mais non – c’est incroyable!

Such might be the reaction of any self-respecting Parisian, who’d no doubt scoff at a whole-wheat version of France’s beloved baguette.

But as a new year dawns, and you vow – AGAIN – to eat healthier, get a little sauvage et fou: try this baguette.

I mean, if Panera can pull it off, why not you?

Click anywhere on this block of pictures to enlarge them to full size – this will work for any of the photos you see in this blog post.

Since a baguette is nothing more than flour, water, salt, and yeast, the two ingredients that will do more to ensure your whole-grain baguette success than any other are whole wheat flour, and bread flour.

I happen to love our white whole wheat flour, a lighter-colored, milder-flavored 100% whole wheat. I especially like the organic version for bread; it seems to provide extra oomph in the rise.

In order to get anything approaching the light texture and large holes of a classic baguette, we’re going to combine our whole wheat flour with some unbleached bread flour, whose extra gluten will help the loaves rise.

If you don’t have bread flour, and don’t want to add another flour to your pantry, substitute unbleached all-purpose flour. You’ll want to reduce the water by 1 to 2 tablespoons, to account for all-purpose flour’s lower protein level.

OK, let’s get started – with a starter.

Mix the following ingredients in a small (2- to 3-cup) bowl:

1 cup (4 ounces) King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour or Premium Whole Wheat Flour
1/2 cup cool water
pinch (about 1/16 teaspoon) instant yeast

Cover the bowl, and let the starter rest overnight at room temperature.

If your house is very cold at night, try to find the starter a somewhat cozy place to rest. You don’t want it really warm, but about 65°F-70°F will keep it happy. Near (not on) the wood stove or another heat source, or atop the water heater, would be good choices.

Next day, you’ll see that the starter has expanded and become bubbly. In a large mixing bowl or the bucket of your bread machine, combine this risen starter with the following ingredients:

3/4 cup + 2 tablespoons lukewarm water
1/4 cup room-temperature orange juice*
1 1/4 cups (5 ounces) King Arthur White Whole Wheat Flour or Premium Whole Wheat Flour
2 1/4 cups (10 1/2 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached Bread Flour
1 1/2 teaspoons salt
1/4 teaspoon instant yeast

*Orange juice tempers the flavor of whole wheat, without adding any orange flavor of its own; substitute water, if desired.

Mix and knead — by hand, mixer, or bread machine set on the dough cycle — to make a dough that’s cohesive, but whose surface may still be a tiny bit rough. If you’re using a bread machine, cancel the machine after about 7 minutes of kneading.

Cover the dough, and let it rise for 3 to 4 hours, gently deflating it and turning it over once each hour; this helps oxygenate the dough (for the sake of the yeast), and redistributes the yeast.

You’ll find this dough isn’t an exuberant riser; whole wheat’s sharp bran particles shred gluten, which means the dough is constantly releasing a bit of its CO2, like a tire with a slow leak.

Also, you may have noticed we’re not using a whole lot of yeast. Why not? Because we’re giving this bread a couple of long, slow, cool rises, to increase its rich flavor; and slow, cool rises prefer less (rather than more) yeast.

Note the bottom two pictures in the series above; the one on the left is the dough before its first rise, while the shot on the right is that same dough, 2 hours later (with a deflation at 1 hour). See what I mean? Though you can see that it’s expanded a bit, it’s not exactly filling the bowl.

Turn the dough out onto a lightly greased or floured work surface, and divide it into three pieces.

Shape each piece into a rough, slightly flattened oval, cover with greased plastic wrap or the cover of your choice, and let rest for 15 minutes.

Working with one piece of dough at a time, fold the dough in half lengthwise, and seal the edges, as pictured. Flatten the dough slightly, and fold and seal again.

With the seam side down, gently roll the dough into a 16″ to 17″ log.

Now, you can leave your baguettes plain and simple, but I happen to love the nutty flavor of seeded bread. This seed mixture isn’t something we sell here at King Arthur, nor is it mentioned in the recipe for these whole wheat baguettes. But since you’re inquisitive enough to be reading this blog, here’s a formula for a tasty bread topping, courtesy of Modern Baking magazine.

Mix the following:

2 ½ ounces brown flax seeds
2 ½ ounces golden flax seeds
2 ½ ounces sunflower seeds
2 ½ ounces sesame seeds
2 ½ ounces pumpkin seeds
1 ounce poppy seeds
1 ounce coarse yellow cornmeal or semolina
1 ounce wheat germ

If you don’t have a scale, simply mix equal parts, by volume, of the first five seeds; and about half as much of each of the final three ingredients. Store in an airtight container, preferably in the refrigerator.

I only had golden flax seeds, so used 5 ounces of them, instead of 2 1/2 ounces each brown and golden.

Want to make up your own mixture? Go for it! I’m thinking some fennel seeds would be a nice addition next time…

To add seeds, spritz the loaf with warm water, and sprinkle heavily with seeds. For complete coverage, top and bottom, sprinkle some seeds on your work surface, and roll the baguette back and forth through the seeds.

Lightly grease (or line with parchment) a large (13″ x 18″) baking sheet. Place the shaped baguette on the prepared baking sheet.

Repeat with the remaining pieces of dough, spacing them evenly lengthwise on the pan.

Cover the loaves with heavily greased plastic wrap, tenting it over them gently. Allow them to rest for 30 minutes.

After 30 minutes gently remove the plastic wrap, grease it again, and re-cover the loaves. Again, drape the plastic gently; you don’t want to anchor it to the sides of the pan.

Refrigerate the loaves overnight.

Next day, let the loaves rest at room temperature, covered, for about 1 1/2 hours. Towards the end of their rising time, preheat your oven to 425°F.

Notice the loaves have indeed risen a bit (top picture), though again, the rise is nothing like that you’d get with a standard white-flour baguette.

Uncover the loaves. Spritz them with warm water, and make 3 or 4 diagonal slashes in each.

This slashing guides how and where the baguettes will expand as they bake, and will help them attain an even, regular shape; but if you’re afraid of slashing, that’s OK.

Also, if you do slash, the loaves may start to deflate alarmingly; they’ll be fine if you get them into the oven ASAP, so don’t dawdle.

Place the pan on a middle oven rack, and bake the baguettes for 18 minutes. Notice how the loaf in front was sagging (from its slashing) going into the oven; but within 15 minutes or so, it was standing tall again.

Tent lightly with foil, and bake for an additional 5 to 10 minutes, until they’re a deep, golden brown, and their sides and bottom are hard/crisp, not soft/spongy.

Remove the baguettes from the oven. Turn the oven off, crack it open a couple of inches, and place the baguettes on the oven rack (without the pan) to cool; this will increase their crisp crustiness.

Pretty nice texture, eh? And the flavor, thanks to those long, cool rises, is good, too.

AWESOME holes! (Or, as our bakers would say, “nice crumb.”)

Serve baguettes the same day they’re made, if possible. If not, store loosely wrapped (not sealed) in plastic; just before serving, heat in a preheated 350°F oven, tented with foil, until warmed through, about 10 minutes.

Question: Can you freeze the dough?

Well, for greatest stability and best results, I’d rather parbake any loaf you don’t want to enjoy immediately, then freeze. Simply bake for 12 to 15 minutes, until the bread is completely set, but not totally browned. Remove from the oven, cool completely, wrap airtight, and freeze.

When you want to serve the bread, thaw it in the fridge overnight, still wrapped; then bake in a 425°F oven until it’s a deep-dark brown.

Any other questions? Call our baker’s hotline, 802-649-3717.

Please read, bake, and review our recipe for Whole Wheat Baguettes.

Print just the recipe.

PJ Hamel
About

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!

comments

  1. Linda

    I left my first mixture to rise longer than indicated and it developed a hardish crust on it. I pulled the doughy part away from the crust and tossed out the crust that formed on top. I have mixed the dough that was left with the remaining ingredients. It’s on its first rise. Do you think it will still work?

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      It should work perfectly fine, Linda. The finished baguettes just might be a little smaller since you lost some of the dough. Happy baking! Annabelle@KAF

  2. Edith

    For those whose home is too cool at night for a cool room temperature rise — try leaving the starter in the oven with only the oven light on (no heat, just the light). On these, I kneaded the dough too long the first time I made them, so for a while there I feared I’d wind up with whole wheat baseball bats due to a poor rise, but they came out fairly OK in the end. I’m in the middle of my second attempt and I can already tell this dough handles much, much better.

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Thanks to your suggestion, Debbie, we’ve recently updated the nutritional information for this recipe. When viewing the recipe page itself, click on the link that says “nutrition information” in the “At a Glance” section. Here you’ll be able to see total sugars, carbohydrates, calories, and more. Hope this helps! Mollie@KAF

  3. Adam

    At first, the bread smelled more like gym socks than a baguette. But after I took that first bite, my opinion made a 180. It was nutty, chewy, crusty, and I couldn’t wait to give my extra loaves to my friends. Fabulous recipe!

    Reply
  4. Lisa

    I’m afraid the measurements are way off. The starter was dry, the dough almost impossible to knead. The cup measurement must not agree with the oz. measurement. Unfortunately I do not have a scale. I’ve made bread for years without one! I’m afraid much more water or less flour is needed. What would you suggest now that I have this dry hunk of dough desperately trying to rise?!! Should I try to knead some more water? Or perhaps some oil? Thanks.

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Lisa, we’re sorry to hear you had trouble with this recipe. For all King Arthur Flour recipes, 1 cup of all-purpose flour weighs 4 1/4 ounces, which is quite light. If you don’t have a scale, you can use the fluff and sprinkle method shown in this video here. If you try the recipe again using this technique to measure your flour, we think you’ll find the dough much easier to work with. The dough should be soft, workable, and slightly tacky to the touch. You can try to add more liquid to the dough you already have or you can start fresh using much less flour. Good luck! Kye@KAF

  5. JWE

    HAVE BEEN DOING WW BREAD EVERY WEEK FOR YEARS WITH SUCCESS BUT THIS ONE DIDN’T WORK FOR ME THEY WOULD MAKE GOOD BOAT ANCHORS 🙁 NOT SURE WHAT WENT WRONG. JWE

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      JWE, this would be a terrific opportunity to call our Baker’s Hotline at 855-371-2253. We can chat in person about the results you had and our suggestions for making a tasty treat for cruisin’ on that boat rather than an anchor. Happy baking! Irene@KAF

    1. MaryJane Robbins

      Up to 48 hours is plenty for this dough. Remember, it doesn’t have much yeast, so it will eventually wear itself out if left too long. ~ MJ

  6. sameer khan

    If I added vital wheat gluten to the ingredients, would it make a difference or turn out any better.

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Sameer, adding VWG may give you a better rise, but I would recommend adding an extra tablespoon or two of water to adjust for the added protein. Barb@KAF

  7. Lux

    I’ve made this before, and it was great!

    This time I’ve made it, the starter did nothing… May I inquire as to what “cool” water means? Perhaps my water was too cool.

    Reply
    1. MaryJane Robbins

      Cool water would be about 80°F, but not icy or cold from the fridge. It may be that the yeast wasn’t alive, as it will still rise in cold water but will take longer. ~ MJ

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