Brioche Buns: insider secrets for your best buns ever

If the word brioche conjures up a mental image of an oversized, buxom loaf with a rather complicated topknot – think again. Brioche buns are the simple way to enjoy this French classic.

Here’s the first thing you need to know about brioche dough: it’s rich. Packed with eggs and butter, it bakes up into a light, mahogany-brown loaf perfect for sandwiches. And if you’re making breakfast toast, don’t bother with the butter dish; a simple slather of jam is sufficient.

Brioche buns – brioche dough, shaped into burger buns – bring their signature richness to the backyard barbecue. Tender (but not crumbly), light (but still substantial), they’re absolutely perfect for a big burger and all the fixings.

But don’t stop there. A juicy grilled chicken breast with sliced avocado and homemade salsa might destroy a typical store-bought bun, reducing it to soggy crumbs. But brioche buns are undeterred by excess moisture; bring on the relish!

Have you ever made a classic brioche? Then you’ll enjoy this new twist on an old favorite.

Never made brioche? Follow these simple steps for a tasty take on burger buns.

Brioche dough doesn’t come together quite like standard yeast dough. So pay close attention to our tips along the way.

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1. Don’t skimp on the rich ingredients.

Low-fat brioche is an oxymoron. The texture and flavor of these buns rely on butter and eggs, so bite the bullet and use the full amount of both – including the extra egg yolk. You won’t be wasting the white; you’ll use it later on.

Start by putting the following ingredients into a bowl; preferably the bowl of a stand mixer, though alternatively you can use an electric hand mixer. Your bread machine, set on the dough cycle, is also a good choice.

2 3/4 cups (11 1/2 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
1/4 cup Baker’s Special Dry Milk or nonfat dry milk
2 tablespoons sugar
1 1/4 teaspoons salt
1 tablespoon instant yeast
3 large eggs + 1 large egg yolk, white reserved for topping
3 to 4 tablespoons lukewarm water*
10 tablespoons unsalted butter

*Start with 3 tablespoons in summer, or under humid conditions; 4 tablespoons in winter, or when it’s dry out.

Brioche Buns-15

2. Use a mixer or bread machine to make the dough.

Can you mix and “knead” brioche dough by hand? I’d recommend this ONLY if you’re a seasoned and very fit bread baker. Fully developing this rich dough by hand would probably take up to 25 to 30 minutes of vigorous mixing with a spoon; it’s so soft that only at the very end might you be able to actually knead it.

Don’t bother getting out your mixer’s dough hook; you’ll be sticking with the beater blade here – “sticking” being the key word. This dough is STICKY when it starts out, before eventually becoming smooth, soft, and satiny.

Start by mixing all of the ingredients together at medium speed. They’ll cling to the sides of the bowl; scrape them into the center, and mix some more. I use speed 4 on my KitchenAid.

Continue mixing the dough at medium speed. After about 10 minutes or so, you should see it starting to form a ball (lower left photo). Scrape the dough into the center of the bowl again, and continue to mix, scraping the bowl to help it along, until the dough is smooth and soft, perhaps sticking a bit but no longer coating the sides of the bowl.

Attention, bread machine aficionados: set your machine on the dough cycle, and walk away. The bread machine is PERFECT for making brioche dough. When the dough cycle is complete, refrigerate it overnight (instructions below).

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3. Let the dough rise for 1 hour, then refrigerate it overnight.

Brioche dough is easier to handle when it’s cold. So let it rise at room temperature until it’s noticeably puffy (top photos); then place it in a bag (no need to grease the bag), fasten the bag at the top, and refrigerate the dough overnight.

Why do I have two batches of dough going here, you ask? I was testing two yeasts: SAF Red and SAF Gold. SAF Gold helps dough with a higher percentage of sugar rise better; would it also help dough with a higher percentage of fat?

The answer is no; it works the same as SAF Red in high-fat doughs. Though SAF Red (on the left in the two photos) actually appears to work better than Gold, that’s simply because it had a half-hour head start; I mixed the Red dough first, followed by the Gold.

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

Top, mega-buns. Bottom, a combination of standard and slider buns.

4. Decide how many brioche buns you want to make.

This recipe will make six mega-buns, perfect for your half-pound burgers; eight standard burger buns; or 16 mini-buns, just right for sliders.

Divide the dough into the desired number of pieces. If you have a scale, weigh the dough before you start; this will make division totally simple.

Shape each piece of dough into a flattened round: about 3 1/4″ diameter for large buns, 3″ for standard, and 2 1/2″ for mini.

Place the larger buns in a hamburger bun pan, if desired, for extra support. Standard and mini buns will be fine on a half-sheet pan, spaced about 2″ apart. I like to line the pan with parchment, for easiest cleanup.

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

5. For smoothest shape, flatten shaped brioche buns with a tool – not simply your hands.

Since the dough is both chilled and high in fat, you’ll find it easy to work with; it feels a bit like soft, smooth clay, rather than a typical springy yeast dough.

You can get pretty smooth brioche buns simply by using the palm of your hand to flatten them. But here’s a helpful tip: once you’ve shaped the dough into a ball, flatten it with something completely flat: like a bowl scraper, or the bottom of a measuring cup (if you have one large enough). Press down firmly, then make a couple of small circles with your hand (think washing a window), to “round” the bun under pressure.

So, how come those buns in the previous photos don’t look perfectly smooth and round? I didn’t discover this technique until I was nearly done shaping them, and was discouraged with the results. Necessity is the mother of invention!

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

6. Let the brioche buns rise fully.

Because the dough is cold, the brioche buns may take longer to rise. Let them. Don’t set your stopwatch and rail against fate if they’re not nice and puffy when the alarm goes off.

If the dough is particularly cold and your house is, as well, the buns may take up to 3 hours to rise fully. On the hot summer day when I made these, they only took about 90 minutes.

And what does “rise fully” mean? Well, if you’re making them in a hamburger bun pan, they should definitely crest above the rim of the pan.

For buns on a baking sheet, they should start to “lift” off the sheet: see how their sides are bulging out just a bit, starting to become the big, rounded buns they’ll bake into? That’s what you’re after.

Towards the end of the rising time, preheat your oven to 375°F, with a rack in the center.

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

7. For added flavor and crunch, top with seeds.

Remember that egg white you saved, back when you were making the dough? Whisk it with 1 tablespoon cold water, and brush the resulting “egg wash” on the buns.

Then top with seeds: sesame, for a typical fast food-type sesame seed bun; or my favorite, everything bagel topping, a tasty mixture of poppy and sesame seeds, dried onion, garlic, and salt.

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

Even if you’re not adding seeds, it pays to brush the brioche buns with egg wash. On the left, an “unwashed” bun; on the right, a washed bun. Egg white adds both color and shine.

How to make brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

Some seeded, some plain – looks like these plump brioche buns are ready.

Bake the large buns for 18 to 19 minutes. Slider buns will take about 14 minutes, and standard buns something in between. The buns should be golden brown, and a digital thermometer inserted into their center should read 190°F.

Note to those who want to mix bun sizes on the same pan, as I did. Remember, the smaller ones will bake more quickly than the larger ones. When the small ones are done, grab ’em off the baking sheet with a pair of tongs (or your baker-tough, heatproof fingers – OUCH); and transfer them to a rack to cool, leaving the larger buns in the oven to continue baking.

Now there’s one caveat to all this, and it leads to our final tip –

Brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

8. It’s easy to over-bake the buns. Don’t do it.

Brioche buns will brown quickly, due to their high fat content, as well as the egg wash. And you want to err on the side of moistness. So keep your eye on the buns as they bake, and your digital thermometer handy.

No thermometer? It pays to break one open when you think they’re done. If you see no sign of raw dough at the center – take ’em out of the oven, they’re perfect.

Brioche buns via @kingarthurflour

Aren’t you craving a burger right about now?

Please read, bake, and review our recipe for Brioche Buns.

Print just the recipe.

PJ Hamel
About

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!

comments

  1. Karen Gockley

    This is a lovely recipe. If I wanted to make a regular loaf, do you have any suggestions for pan size or cooking time?

    Reply
    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Donna, the refrigerated dough should be good in the refrigerator for up to 48 hours, but be sure to protect the dough from drying out and deflate the dough once or twice while it’s in the refrigerator. The gasses that the dough gives off can give an off flavor to the dough. Barb@KAF

  2. Micheline Snow-Kajenski

    It would me nice if ALL your recipes were printer friendly. I now have 16 pages of illustrations when all I wanted was the list of ingredients. I have your book and I am sure I could find the recipe in there but my book is in my Florida house. We summer in Vermont. I can save to my computer all of the instructions and pictures but moving my computer to the kitchen just for the list of ingredients is not possible. Please, be it just to save a tree and ink cartridges in the landfill, make ALL your recipes printer friendly!

    Reply
    1. PJ Hamel, post author

      Micheline, all of our recipe are printer-friendly. At the bottom of each blog post that details a recipe, you’ll see a link that says, “Print just the recipe.” Click on it, and it’ll take you to a single printable page (sometimes 2 pages, if the recipe is extra-long). Hope this helps – PJH

    2. The Baker's Hotline

      Micheline, there is a link to the recipe page right below the title picture. Once on the recipe page just click on the words “printable version” and this will bring you to a page where you can adjust the font and choose what type of measurements you prefer: volume, ounces or grams. Then hit “print” and voila! Just to save you a minute, here is the link to the Brioche Buns recipe. Barb@KAF

    3. Barbara

      The most convenient way of all to have your recipes with you anywhere is to have a large tablet computer. It is so easy to highlight the ingredients and instructions, then click the “share” symbol, and the recipe can automatically be placd into a program called Evernote (it came with my 10.5″ tablet, but you can download both the mobile app AND the desktop version for free, and it will automaticalky sync the two together!) . I collect many that way, then take the tablet to the kitchen to cook. No paper, no ink, no printer needed!

  3. Yvonne Z

    Can these buns be frozen? If so, should they be baked first, or should the dough be frozen, befor or after shaping them?

    Reply
    1. MaryJane Robbins

      You can absolutely freeze these after baking. If you make a big batch and freeze in half dozens, you’ll be ready for whenever the burger inspiration hits. ~ MJ

  4. Linda

    First let me say I have labored for many years trying to duplicate my German Grandmother’s homemade bread. I remember standing by her and watching as she made her yeast bread three times a week faithfully. Just knowing I would be able to do the same when I grew up. Needless to say that was many years ago and until I discovered King Arthur flour I was always very dissapointed every time I attempted bread making. That discovery has changed my life and I make breads of all kinds now, brioche being one of our favorites. The recipe I use is large enough to make several things at one time. I make cinnamon rolls, hamburger buns, loaf bread, smoked sausage rolled up in brioche and bake after rising. But our favorite is the yeast doughnuts! I get about six of each things listed above, which is perfect for the two of us. I am soo happy finding King Arthur flour. It has changed my life. I don’t know when we bought a loaf of bread from the store. Saying all that I am happy to get the dimensions for the hamburger buns. I never seemed to get the correct size so thank u for that info. I also enjoy and use some of the recipes I get from the emails u send out . Thanks again

    Reply
    1. MaryJane Robbins

      We are so happy knowing that we can be sure a positive part of your baking. Thanks so much for your support! ~ MJ

  5. Phyllis

    How would you freeze these? Would love to make these for hamburgers, etc. But with only my husband and myself — I would need to freeze the rest of the buns.

    Reply
    1. MaryJane Robbins

      Hi Phyllis,
      You can absolutely freeze the buns after baking. Just package them up in a ziplock bag and they’ll keep in the freezer for about 3 months. ~ MJ

  6. Fay Weinstein

    why do you not use bread flour? I have noticed that in many of your bread recipes you use all-purpose flour.

    Reply
    1. MaryJane Robbins

      Hi Fay,
      There are two main reasons why we call for the all purpose flour for most of our bread recipes.
      First, our AP flour has more gluten than others on the market, making it perfect for a loaf of soft tender bread. Secondly, our AP flour is carried in more markets around the country than our bread flour, so it is one that more folks can readily have access to.

      You can absolutely use bread flour instead of AP flour in our yeast bread recipes. Use the same amount of flour and increase the liquid by 1 tablespoon per cup of flour.

      Hope this helps. ~MJ

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