Hot Bread Kitchen: Nan-e Barbari, classic flatbread with an unusual twist

Hot Bread Kitchen, a bakery in New York City’s East Harlem, stands out from the crowd.

Not because the bakers there make outrageous cupcakes, or vie for a review in the Times, or compete to be the next Food Network star.

No, these bakers are far from being bright lights, big city. But the light the bakery creates every day shines into dark corners of urban life that many would prefer to ignore: namely, the lives of low-income immigrant women – the bakers at Hot Bread.

Allegra Ben-Amotz, spokesperson for the bakery, says, “[We’re] changing the face of the culinary industry by training immigrant and low-income women in the craft of artisan bread-baking, empowering them with the skills to succeed in the city’s top bakeries. The tasty product of this social enterprise is a line of handmade breads based on traditions from around the world, featured in some of New York City’s best restaurants, and carried in dozens of stores across the country.”

We’ve written about the bakery before; for a virtual tour of Hot Bread Kitchen, complete with striking photos, see our post Hot Bread Kitchen: Baking a World of Difference.

Today, I simply want to share with you one of the bakery’s signature breads: Nan-e Barbari, a traditional Persian flatbread known for its deep-gold crust and wonderful texture. Plus wait until you see what we do with this bread at the end…

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Mix together the following:

1 2/3 to 1 3/4 cups lukewarm water*
2 1/4 teaspoons active dry yeast or instant yeast
4 cups + 3 tablespoons King Arthur Unbleached Bread Flour
2 teaspoons kosher salt or 1 1/2 teaspoons table salt

*Use the smaller amount of water in summer, or when it’s humid; the larger amount during the winter, or in a dry climate.

Knead the mixture — using your hands, a stand mixer, or your bread machine set on the dough cycle — until you’ve made a smooth, fairly soft dough. The dough should barely clean the inside of the bowl, if you’re using a stand mixer, perhaps sticking just a bit at the bottom (top right).

Put the dough in a lightly greased large bowl, cover the bowl, and let the dough rise until it’s nearly doubled in size, about 1 hour.

Gently deflate the dough, and divide it into two pieces. Shape each piece into a rough log abut 9″ long. Tent the logs with lightly greased plastic wrap, and allow them to rest for 30 minutes.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

While the dough is resting, measure out 1 teaspoon sesame seeds and 1 teaspoon nigella (black onion) seeds. If you don’t have nigella seeds, substitute poppy, or the seeds of your choice. I decided to use our everything bagel topping.

You’re also going to make a traditional glaze called roomal. This flour/water paste will be applied to your loaves before baking, and substitutes for adding steam to the oven. The roomal keeps the top of the loaves moist, allowing them to rise fully; and also imparts a satiny sheen.

To make the roomal, stir together the following in a small saucepan:

2 teaspoons King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
1/2 teaspoon sugar
1/2 teaspoon vegetable oil
1/3 cup cool water

Bring to a bare boil, and cook over medium heat, stirring constantly, until the mixture thickens and coats the spoon; this should take less than a minute. Remove the glaze from the heat, and set it aside.

Preheat the oven to 450°F. If you have a pizza stone, set it on the lowest rack or oven floor.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour
Once the dough has rested, gently flatten each piece.
Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Working with one piece of dough at a time, pat/flatten it into a 14″ x 5″ rectangle. Use your fingers (or the handle of a long wooden spoon) to press five lengthwise grooves into the dough. Press firmly, but don’t cut through the bottom of the dough.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour
Spread half the glaze onto the dough, rubbing it all over. Sprinkle with half the seeds.

Slide the bread onto the stone and bake it for 15 to 18 minutes, until it’s golden brown. If you’re not using a stone, place the bread on a baking sheet and bake it on your oven’s middle rack.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour
Remove the bread from the oven, and place it on a rack. Repeat with the second piece of dough.
Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour
Tear off a warm piece… heaven.
Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Traditionally, this bread is served with feta cheese, olives, and cucumbers.

But the heck with tradition; let’s make pizza!

Instead of patting the dough into a rectangle, pat it into a 14″ circle, or 15″ x 10″ oval.

Top as you please. Hot Bread Kitchen’s Nan-e Barbari Pizza recipe calls for topping each piece of flattened dough with 1 cup of your favorite tomato sauce; 4 ounces fresh mozzarella cheese, torn into pieces; and sliced marinated artichoke hearts.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Like this.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Bake the pizza in a preheated 500°F oven for 22 to 25 minutes, until the crust is golden brown and the toppings are bubbling.

Hot Bread Kitchen via @kingarthurflour

Grip it and rip it!

Please read, bake, and review our recipe for Hot Bread Kitchen’s Nan-E Barbari.

Print just the recipe.

Nan-e Barbari is just one of the many tantalizing recipes in the bakery’s new cookbook, The Hot Bread Kitchen Cookbook: Artisanal Baking from Around the World. To purchase the book, and/or to support Hot Bread Kitchen’s mission and help them train more women, visit the bakery’s website,

PJ Hamel

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!


  1. Betty

    I have always baked bread and I love the smell of the yeast and rising dough – and the fresh baked bread right out of the oven is divine! I am always looking for new recipes and your recipes are always spot on. Can’t wait to try it!

  2. Vailini

    I used make bread w/my mom decades ago.
    &now I’m making different kinds of bread to see what my family likes. Plus a loafva bread where I live is from $3.00 -$10.00.
    Love breas

  3. Linda Sharrow

    Love the looks and variations of your Bread Baking. I have taught Bread Baking classes for a small Kitchen Store in Michigan. I Loved it, but when gas prices tipped up to the $4 dollar mark I had to stay home and try to behave myself and by myself…… I am a skilled baker and we never buy Bread, I bake everything that we eat. My husband says every man should come home to a house that smells like ours does.. I Love it. Thank you for all your expertise. I do Love to Bake Bread.

    1. MaryJane Robbins

      What a great comment by your hubs! It sounds like your house if filled with happy baking and happy bakers. ~ MJ

  4. Wendy Bohl

    I love your products. I’m just starting to make breads, I’ve made whole wheat bread, I’ve bought your flour to try and make rye breads. Thank you for your help.

  5. Merrill Rush

    I would love to win this cookbook to use in the bread-making classes I teach in my small hometown. Six month out of the year, I live here and teach “back to traditional” cooking. Bread-making has been the most popular and I am ready to take it to the next level———flat breads, crackers, international, etc using specialty flours and grains.

  6. Lisa Wade

    My first memories of bread baking were of my mother making Finnish Cardamon Braids (we called them Nisu) for Christmas morning. She claimed should did not know how to make yeast bread the rest of the year, but she sure knew how to make this delicious bread which she learned to make watching her Finnish grandmother. Now I’m the bread baker in the family and am passing this tradition on to my children (along with baking just about any other type of bread we can come up with!)

  7. Kit shaw

    I was taught how to make bread and fry bread from a friend when I was a young mom of 4.
    I’ve been cooking all kind of breads ever since. Now I’ve taught how to make bread to one of my grandchildren. It makes us so proud of our selves when we make bread!

  8. Penny Troutman

    If My Wife does not receive this Cookbook, I will be inspired to buy it for Her. She loves KAF and swears by Their Recipes and Wholesome ingredient’s. She will be making this Bread tomorrow for sure!!

    1. Penny Troutman

      If I do not receive this Cookbook, My Husband will buy it for Me. My Two Grandma’s and My Mom have passed, however They would be so proud of Me making this type of Bread. I enjoy the story behind the Book, it is Both inspiring and a Joyful read. Not to toot My Own horn, I took four Years of Home-Mek in High School and was The President of The Future Homemaker’s of America for Two Year’s, It surely prepared Me to be a Great Baker, Cook, Wife, Mom and Homemaker. I have Three Book’s from King Arthur Flour and I enjoy reading Them and picking New Recipe’s. This Christmas, 2016, We are headed to California and My Son want’s Me to Teach My New Daughter-In-Law how to make Homemade Bread, Cookie’s, etc… I will surely give Her, Her first King Arthur Flour Cookbook for SURE!!! My Son, a U.S. Marine want’s Me to also send My Homemade Bread to Them Now. I often get a request a couple of time’s a month to send out to California, My Homemade Bread and Cookies. I cannot say NO, Baking is soooooo much FUN and trying New Product’s is also fun. Never give up when making ANYTHING from King ARTHUR FLOUR, They provide Recipe’s and a Hot-Line, You cannot go wrong. They also provide sooo many ingredient’s that are sometimes hard to find. Enjoy making New Bread’s etc… For Your Family and Friend’s. Bread is such a simple item to make to have EVERYONE to COME TOGETHER, ENJOY!!!

Post a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *