Golden Focaccia Bakealong: Challenge #13


We recently wrapped up the first year of our Bakealong challenge, and decided to take stock by asking for feedback from you, our readers.

An email and Facebook survey revealed most of you feel the recipes featured over the past 12 months were appropriately challenging and interesting, and the tips and photos were key to baking success.

One bit of information we hadn’t expected: you want to try more international recipes. So we decided to kick off our second year of Bakealong with a classic Italian country recipe: focaccia.

Maybe you’ve tasted the American version of this flatbread, typically thick and tender with a soft crust. Easily split in half for sandwiches, our recipe for Blitz Bread: No-Fuss Focaccia is a good representative of the genre.

Now we’d like you to learn about true focaccia, the kind made in Italian towns from Genoa to Catania. Our Golden Focaccia Bakealong will show you how to create the real thing: Italian focaccia, usually a bit thinner than American-style, crusty and chewy and topped with olive oil, salt, pepper, and a scattering of herbs.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Fancy versions of focaccia will have chopped olives or onions, plus maybe a few curls of shaved Parmesan. But one trait common to all native Italian focaccia is this: there’s no iconic recipe, and it’s never made exactly the same way twice. Focaccia is a casual bread, enjoyed warm from the oven with family and friends — a dish made for sharing.

The Golden Focaccia #bakealong challenge: rustic bread straight from the Italian countryside. Click To Tweet

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Make the overnight starter

1/2 cup cool water
1/16 teaspoon (a big pinch) instant yeast or active dry yeast
1 cup (4 1/4 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour

Mix the water and 1/16 teaspoon yeast, then add the flour, stirring until the flour is incorporated. The starter will be paste-like; it won’t form a ball.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Cover and let rest at room temperature for about 14 hours; the starter will be bubbly. If you make this in the late afternoon, it’ll be ready to go by the next morning.

The overnight starter does two things for your focaccia. First, it gives the yeast a chance to grow and really do its work, resulting in light-as-air flatbread with an appealing bit of chew. And second, as the yeast grows it releases organic acids and alcohol, both of which contribute immeasurably to the focaccia’s flavor.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Make the dough

all of the starter (above)
2 1/4 teaspoons instant yeast or active dry yeast
1/2 cup lukewarm water
2 cups (8 1/2 ounces) King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour
1 1/4 teaspoons salt
2 tablespoons olive oil

Combine the overnight starter with the remaining dough ingredients, and mix and knead — by hand, mixer, or bread machine set on the dough cycle — to make a soft, smooth, elastic dough. If you’re kneading in a stand mixer, it should take about 5 minutes at second speed.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Let the dough rise

Place the dough in a lightly greased bowl, cover, and let it rise for 1 hour.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

The dough will become noticeably puffy.

Select your pan(s)

A large baking sheet (e.g., an 18″ x 13″ half-sheet pan) will comfortably hold the entire batch of dough.

Want to make smaller focaccia? Try one of these options instead.
• Pat the dough into four 6″ to 8″ rounds, either freeform or in round cake pans.
• Make a couple of rectangular focaccia in two 9″ x 13″ pans.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Grease and oil your pan 

Use non-stick vegetable oil spray to lightly grease the pan(s) of our choice. Drizzle olive oil atop the spray — about 2 tablespoons is a good amount for a half-sheet pan; use less for each smaller pan, obviously. The spray keeps the bread from sticking, while the olive oil gives the bottom crust great crunch and flavor.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Press the dough into the pan

Gently pull and shape the dough into a rough rectangle, and pat it into the pan. For thinner focaccia (1/2″ to 3/4″ thick), pat it all the way to the edges of the pan. For thicker focaccia (3/4″ to 1″ thick; pictured above), don’t pat all the way to the edges of the pan; leave an inch or so free around the perimeter.

Let the focaccia rise

Cover the pan(s), and allow the focaccia to rise for 30 minutes.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Dimple the dough

After the initial 30-minute rise use your fingers to make irregularly spaced dimples, pressing down firmly; your fingers should reach the bottom of the pan without actually breaking through the dough.

Let it rise some more

Re-cover the dough, and let it rise until it’s noticeably puffy, about 1 hour. The dough should have expanded, but shouldn’t seem fragile, or look like it might collapse. 

Toward the end of the rising time, preheat the oven to 425°F. If you have a pizza stone or baking stone, set it on a middle or lower-middle rack.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Add the toppings

Spritz the focaccia heavily with warm water; Italian bakers say this helps keep the interior soft. Drizzle with 2 tablespoons olive oil (or enough to collect a bit in the dimples).

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Sprinkle with rosemary (or the herb of your choice), black pepper, and coarse salt, to taste.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Choose flaked sea salt or kosher salt; the salt, pepper, and rosemary make a bold statement, and you don’t want fine-grain salt getting lost in the mixture.Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

While often topped simply with herbs and sea salt, Italian focaccia also serves as a base for ingredients ranging from chopped olives, feta, and anchovies to sweet onions and capers. I’ve topped this round very simply with two types of olives and fresh thyme.

Use a light touch with any toppings; focaccia isn’t pizza. But it’s OK to be creative with these finishing touches.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Bake the focaccia

Place the pan of focaccia onto the baking stone, or onto a middle oven rack. Bake the focaccia until it’s light golden brown, about 20 to 25 minutes.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Serve with gusto!

Gather your friends. Open a bottle of wine. Enjoy focaccia hot from the oven, with pasta, or antipasto, or simply a saucer of garlic oil. But most of all, with laughter and love.

Focaccia is best the same day it’s made. But leftovers can be successfully refreshed: slice and toast in a toaster, or place into a 350°F oven, heating just until warmed through.

Baking gluten-free?

We’ve got you covered! See our recipe for Gluten-Free Focaccia.

High-altitude adjustments

Do you bake at altitude? Check out our high-altitude baking tips.

Golden Focaccia Bakealong via @kingarthurflour

Interested in more? See our complete collection of Bakealong recipes.

PJ Hamel

PJ Hamel grew up in New England, graduated from Brown University, and was a Maine journalist before joining King Arthur Flour in 1990. PJ bakes and writes from her home on Cape Cod, where she enjoys beach-walking, her husband, two dogs, and really good food!


    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi there, Marilyn! If you swap in Bread Flour the bread will be a little chewier and a bit dense. You’ll also want to increase the liquid by 2 teaspoons per cup of bread flour that you use, as the flour will absorb more liquid. Happy Baking! Morgan@KAF

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Hi Gail! The starter could keep in the fridge for a day or two, but we wouldn’t recommend leaving it out on the counter if you’re not able to bake that day. Cover it with plastic wrap so it can breathe without drying out. Annabelle@KAF

  1. Kathy

    Do you have any suggestions on using my existing sourdough starter in place of the overnight starter in this recipe?

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Feel free to use 1 cup (227g) of ripe sourdough starter in place of the overnight starter in the recipe. Feed your starter about 6 to 8 hours before using in the recipe. Check out this video here that shows what a ripe starter looks like for best results. You can keep the amount of yeast the same or reduce it slightly and extend the rising time. Happy baking! Kye@KAF

  2. odile Feria

    Well, I dont know what happens to the one I made yesterday, but the dough was so wet, that i could not knead it.

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Sorry to hear you had some trouble with this dough, Odile. It’s true that the focaccia is a slightly slack dough, but you should still be able to knead it with your hands. We’ve found that in the humid summer months, the dough often benefits from holding back the last 10% of the water. (Check out full details and a side-by-side comparison in this article on our blog here.) It might also be that you’re using flour with a lower protein content than King Arthur All-Purpose Flour, which is known for being quite strong. (It has an 11.7% protein content, which means it’s quite absorbent.) Try using King Arthur Flour in your next batch our focaccia if you aren’t already doing so. Happy baking! Kye@KAF

    2. Laura Metrick

      This bread is delicious and super easy to make. It only looks difficult since it takes so long. I will be making this often. Thank you!!

    1. Susan Reid

      Hi, Christine. We do test our recipes with non-iodized salt, primarily for flavor reasons when we’re developing or testing recipes. If we’re trying to isolate which ingredients in a baking formula are doing what, it’s easier to isolate salt from leavening if we stay with a non-iodized salt. Susan

  3. Kim

    I have made this recipe several times now, and each time it has succeeded. Now, if you knew my history with bread (of any kind) making, you too would be impressed. 😀 I had a Hemorrhagic Stroke a couple few years ago, and now suddenly I CAN bake bread. I do think however, that the fact that I can is that I’m no longer thinking at a thousand miles an hours, and handling multiple jobs at the same time. Regardless, this is one of my all time favorites, along with the simple naked in the cast iron pan loaf. Thanks all!

  4. Treven Dunning

    Just took my first attempt at baking focaccia. Did the overnite starter per instructions and it acted just like it’s supposed to, per instructions.

    I put the final dough on an old metal pizza pan and stretched it out till the dough came to about 1-2” from the edge. I drizzled my good olive oil over it and then sprinkled Italian seasoning over it with fresh cracked pepper and flaked sea salt.

    Once it finished baking it smelled so good I couldn’t wait for it to cool down, but I got out my pizza cutter and sliced off a chunk (a big slice). I definately will be making this again.

  5. Patricia Farrell

    What is the best way to make this ahead of time? Can I make dough through the first rise and freeze to shape/rise/bake later? Alternatively, should I shape and then freeze or simply freeze once baked? Thanks!

    1. The Baker's Hotline

      Patricia, we’d go with either the first option of making the dough through the first rise, then freezing (possibly increasing the yeast by 1/4 to account for any that might die off in the freezer); or freezing a fully baked and cooled loaf. The first requires much less time up front and more before serving, while the latter requires the opposite – more up front, less before serving. Feel free to choose whichever method better fits your schedule. Mollie@KAF

    2. Carol

      Thanks for this.. I was thinking the same thing😊 How can I make it today, and freeze for later? Great idea for us “single” eaters!! I LOVE Focaccia!! Hubby doesn’t eat bread! Think I’ll go with bake, then freeze.. Always ready!! Thanks K.A.!!!!

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